Научная статья на тему 'Synthesis of zirconyl naphthenates on the basis of oil acids and their applying as complex catalytic systems in the process of oligomeri̇zati̇on (polymerization) of ethylene'

Synthesis of zirconyl naphthenates on the basis of oil acids and their applying as complex catalytic systems in the process of oligomeri̇zati̇on (polymerization) of ethylene Текст научной статьи по специальности «Химические науки»

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Azerbaijan Chemical Journal
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Ключевые слова
zirconyl chloride octahydrate / naphthenic acids / zirconyl naphtenates / ethylene / oligomerization. / polymerization / sirkonil xlorid / neft turşuları fraksiyaları / sirkonil naftenatlar / etilen / oliqomerləşmə

Аннотация научной статьи по химическим наукам, автор научной работы — A. A. Khanmetov, K. Sh. Hajiyeva, M. J. Khamiyev, R. V. Alieva, H. R. Azizbeyli

A new synthesis method of zirconyl naphthenates on the basis of the petroleum acids separated from Baku oils has been developed. It was determined that conducting the synthesis of zirconyl naphthenates in the medium of water-alcohol mixture promotes to obtaining them in pure form. The structure and composition of synthesized zirconyl naphthenates were studied by NMR, IR spectroscopy, RFA and elemental analysis. It was found that homogeneous metal complex catalysts (zirconyl naphthenates) have high catalytic activity in oligomerization and polymerization processes of ethylene.

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NEFT TURŞULARI ƏSASINDA SİRKONİL NAFTENATLARIN SİNTEZİ VƏ ONLARIN ETİLENİN OLİQOMERLƏŞMƏSİ (POLİMERLƏŞMƏSİ) PROSESİNDƏ KOMPLEKS KATALİTİK SİSTEM KİMİ TƏTBİQİ

Bakı neftlərindən ayrılmış neft turşuları fraksiyaları əsasında sirkonil naftenatların yeni sintez üsulu işlənib hazırlanmışdır. Müəyyən edilmişdir ki, sirkonil naftenatların sintezinin spirt-su mühitində aparılması onları qarışıqlardan təmizlənmiş halda almağa imkan verir. Sintez olunmuş sirkonil naftenatların quruluş və tərkibləri İQvə NMR-spektroskopiya, RFA, element analizi üsulları vasitəsilə öyrənilmişdir. Sintez olunmuş sirkonil naftenatlar əsasında homogen metal kompleks katalizatorun etilenin oliqomerləşmə və polimerləşmə prosesində yüksək katalitik aktivliyə malik olduğu müəyyən edilmişdir.

Текст научной работы на тему «Synthesis of zirconyl naphthenates on the basis of oil acids and their applying as complex catalytic systems in the process of oligomeri̇zati̇on (polymerization) of ethylene»

ISSN 2522-1841 (Online) AZORBAYCAN KIMYA JURNALI № 3 2018 ISSN 0005-2531 (Print)

UOT: 547.313.2

SYNTHESIS OF ZIRCONYL NAPHTHENATES ON THE BASIS OF OIL ACIDS AND THEIR APPLYING AS COMPLEX CATALYTIC SYSTEMS IN THE PROCESS OF OLIGOMERIZATiON (POLYMERIZATION) OF ETHYLENE

A.A.Khanmetov, K.Sh.Hajiyeva, M.J.Khamiyev, R.V.Alieva, H.R.Azizbeyli,

S.F.Ahmedbekova

Y.Mamedaliyev Institute of Petrochemical Processes, NAS of Azerbaijan

mxam iye v'ayahoo. com

Received 30.03.2018

A new synthesis method of zirconyl naphthenates on the basis of the petroleum acids separated from Baku oils has been developed. It was determined that conducting the synthesis of zirconyl naphthenates in the medium of water-alcohol mixture promotes to obtaining them in pure form. The structure and composition of synthesized zirconyl naphthenates were studied by N.MR. IR spectroscopy, RFA and elemental analysis. It was found that homogeneous metal complex catalysts (zirconyl naphthenates) have high catalytic activity in oligomerization and polymerization processes of ethylene.

Keywords: zirconyl chloride octahvdrate, naphthenic acids, zirconyl naphtenates, ethylene, oligomerization. , polymerization.

Introduction

Naphthenate on the basis of petroleum acids, is widely used in the wide range of areas for many purposes - as catalyst in the process of oxidation of carbohydrates, additives to oils and fuels, absorbing fluids in the textile industry, detergent production and etc. [1,2].

Carboxylates of transition metals also are of great importance when used as components in complex catalysts in oligomerization and polymerization processes of olefins [3-6]. There are a lot of studies available on the methods of obtaining zirconyl and zirconium carboxylates from aliphatic carbon [7, 8]. However, there is very low sources of literature related to the obtaining of zirconyl naphtenates based on petroleum acids.

The presented article is devoted to developing a synthesis method of zirconyl naphthenates on the basis of petroleum acids and the investigation of structures of the synthesized complexes.

Information about activity and selectivity

Table 1. The physico-chemical parameters of the separated acid

«n^nlnum nnirl 1 'J . . - . - -

of the complexes with aluminum organic compounds in the process of oligomerization of ethylene is also given in the presented article.

Experimental section

Petroleum acids separated from Baku oil at 130-160°C, 160-180°C and 180-200°C temperatures (at 2-3 mm Hg) were used for the synthesis of zirconium naphtenates (SN). The physico-chemical parameters of the separated acid are given in the Table 1.

Zirconyl chloride (ZrOCh 8H2O) was purchased from Ukraine (Dneprodjeijinsk) plant and used as a powder without primary purification. ZrOCl2 8H20 contains 0.005% of iron, 0.15% Si and 32% zirconium.

Synthesis of zyrconyl naphtenates from separated petroleum acids were provided according to the common scheme below:

ZrOCl2 8H20+«RC00K^Zr0(RC00)„Cl„,+ hKCI,

n= 1 or 2, m=0 or 1, R - radical of natural petroleum acids.

Boiling fractions petroleum acid at 2-3 mmHg Acid number Kc Molecular mas, Mr Density, pp. g/cm3 Refractive index, n20 "d

130-160"C 297.34 190 0.9568 1.4624

160-180"C 256.06 210 0.9613 1.4722

180-200"C 223.20 225 0.9625 1.4767

Potassium naphtenates were synthesized by interaction of KOH in 2 N water solution with fraction of petroleum acids. When the ratio of an alcoholic solution of zirconyl chloride and aqueous solution of potassium salts of petroleum acid fraction was 1:1 mole SN4 was synthesized, and when the ratio was 1:2 mole SN1, SN2, SN3 compounds were synthesized. For this purpose, the calculated amount of ethyl alcohol solution of ZrOCh 8H20 is added to a three-necked flask equipped with a mixer and dropping funnel and it is cooled in iced water bath up to 10-15°C. Then, with intensive mixing, to this solution an aqueous solution of potassium naphtenate droplets was added. Zirconyl naphtenate begins to sediment as white precipitates. After the finishing of adding potassium naphtenate solution, mixing process of the reaction solution continues for 1 hour. Then the precipitate is filtered off through the Buchner funnel at room temperature, separated from water and an alcohol mixture. The precipitate is washed twice with water and alcohol, dried under vacuum at a temperature of 50-60°C up to constant weight.

Zirconyl naphthenates which synthesized on the basis of different fractions of petroleum acids were analysed by IR- and H NMR-spectroscopy, Differential Scanning Calorime-try (DSC), X-ray fluorescence microscopy and element analysis.

NMR spectra were recorded on Bruker pulsing Fourier spectrometer(Germany) operating at the frequency of 300.18 MHz with the use of deuterated chloroform as a solvent.

IR spectra were recorded on the "Bruker" Fourier spectrometer in the range of 400-4000 cm"1 by the "drop" method widespread among KBr prisms.

Diffractograms of the synthesized complexes were drawn out by using an PANalytical EMPYREN X-ray diffractometer produced in the Netherlands.

DSC analysis was carried out on a Ther-moelectron Q-20. Differential scanning calorimeter at a heating rate of 10°C/min in an air or nitrogen atmosphere.

Element distribution of the synthesized zirconyl naphtenates was performed on XGT 7000 X-ray fluorescence microscope of Horiba company (Japan).

Results and Discussion

The yield of the zirconyl napthenates SN1, SN2, SN3 and SN4 syntesized with the above-mentioned method by the interaction of petroleum acid fractions boiling at 130-160°C, 160-180°C and 180-200°C with zirconyl cho-ride at molar ratio of 1:2 and 1:1 are 95.7%, 89.8%, 85.2% and 92.1% respectively. According to the state of aggregation synthesized zirconyl naphthenates are solid products, they dissolve readily in organic solvents (toluene, hex-ane), however, they do not solve in water and alcohol. The thermal properties of the obtained zirconyl naphthenates (SN1, SN2, SN3) were examined by DSC method. It was determined that, the beginning melting temperature of these complexes is varied among 92-114°C. Maximum temperature of these endothermic peaks is 127-145°C and the finishing temperature is 140-162°C. Enthalpy of the process is AH= 1.467-3.360 J/g. Thermooxidation temperature of the synthesized zirconyl naphthenates is between 194-205°C [9].

The IR spectra of the natural petroleum acid fractions boiling at 160-180 and 180— 200°C temperatures (at 3-5 mm Hg) and the zirconyl naphthenates synthesized on the basis of these fractions are given in the Figure la, lb and Figure 2 respectively. As can be seen from the IR spectra of fraction of petroleum acids absorption band at 1705 cm"1 corresponding to the carboxyl group in the acid fraction are observed with high intensity (Figure 1). Absorption bands given below are also observed in IR spectra of these fractions.

- Stretching vibrations at 2922 cm"1, 2951 cm"1 and deformation vibrations at 1412 cm"1, 1455 cm"1 of C-Hbond of CH2 groups.

- Deformation vibrations at 1377 cm"1 and stretching vibrations at 2856 cm"1 of C-H bond of СНз groups.

- Stretching vibrations at 960 cm"1 of C-H bond of CH2 group of naphthenic ring.

- Stretching vibrations at 1226, 1288, 1703 and 2678 cm" corresponding to carboxylic group.

The intensity of absorption bands of carboxyl groups of zirconyl naphthenates SN2, SN3 and SN4 synthesized on the basis of those

fraction is very low (1705 cm"1). This fact proves that obtained zirconyl naphthenates contain traces of free petroleum acids.

As can be seen from Figure 2 synthesized zirconyl napthenates contain absorption bands characteristic for stretching vibrations of Zr=0 and Zr-0 bonds at 463 cm"1, 648 cm"1 and 1045 cm"1.

Furthermore, obtained SN2, SN3 and SN4 zirconyl compounds contain the deformation and stretching vibrations according to absorption bands noted below.

- Deformation vibration at 1440 cm"1 and stretching vibrations at 2919 and 2949 cm"1 of C-H bond of CH2 groups.

~r~1—I—I I I I I I I—I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I

3800 3600 34M 3200 3000 2800 2600 2400 2200 2000 1800 1600 14W 1200 1000 800 600 400

Wave number, cm a

......... i i ....................

3800 3600 3400 3200 3000 2800 2600 24M 2200 2000 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000

Wave number, cm"1 b

Fig. 1. IR spectra of petroleum acid fractions boiling at 160-180°C (a) and 180-200°C (/>).

i>0

Kj Rj^

36C0 3600 3400 3200 3000 2600 2600 2400 2200 20CC 1600 1600 14Q0 1200 1000 600 600 400

Wave number, cm"1

Fig. 2. IR spectra of SN2 (/). SN3 (2) zirconyl naphthenates obtained on the basis of petroleum acid fractions boiling at 160-180"C, 180-200"C and SN4 (3) zirconyl naphthenat chloride synthesized on the basis of petroleum acid boiling at 160-180"C.

- Deformation vibrations at 1377 cm"1 and stretching vibrations at 2856 cm"1 of C-H bond of CH3 groups.

- Stretching vibrations at 960 cm"1 of C-H bond of CH2 group of naphthenic ring.

- Absorption bands at 1317, 1440 and 1556 cm"1 corresponding to COO" group.

The IR spectra of zirconyl naphthanates synthesized in water medium from petroleum acids with boiling temperature of 160-180°C is given in Figure 3. It is clear that in the IR spectra of synthesized zirconyl napthtenates, the intensity of absorption bands 1705 cm"1 of car-boxyl groups of zirconyl napthtenates which synthesized in water medium is by far higher. This proves the fact that obtained zirconyl napthtenate compounds contain free petroleum acids in its composition. Zirconyl napthtenates are solid, not soluble in alcohol and in order to purify it from acids remaining in its composition they should be washed repeatedly with alcohol. According to results of the analyses, synthesis of zirconyl napthtenates in alcohol-water medium is more advantageous than when carried in water medium [7].

H NMR spectra of synthesized zirconyl napthtenates were recorded at room temperature with the use of deutarated chloroform as solvent. H NMR spectra of SN3 zirconyl naphthenate obtained on the basis of petroleum acid with the boiling temperature of 160-180°C is given in Figure 4. As can be seen from the !H NMR spectra a chemical shift is not observed corresponding to the proton of the carboxyl group. In the lU NMR spectra of SN3 chemical shift signals are observed for 0.89 and 1.27 ppm, the methyl and methylene group protons respectively. The resonance signals in the region of 1.4-1.8 ppm refer to naphthenic protons. The resonance signals in the region of 2.05 ppm are related to the first -CH2-group which is directly attached to carboxyl group. At the same time, chemical shift of protons of the aromatic nucleus of very low intensity were observed in the 'H NMR spectra of SN2. Analogical chemical shifts of zirconium napthtenates SN1, SN3 and SN4 synthesized based on petroleum acids with boiling temperature 130— 160°C, 160-180°C and 180-200°C were observed of different intensity in the similar manner to SN2.

on

LU MOS

00

3500

3000

2500 2000

Wave number, cm"1

1000

Fig. 3. IR spectra of zirconyl naphthenate synthesized 011 the basis of petroleum acid fraction with the boiling temperature of160-180°C in the water medium.

Fig. 4. 'H NMR spectra of zirconyl naphthenate (SN2) obtained from petroleum acid boiling at 160-180"C (at 5 lmnHg).

Table 2. Average structural parameters of the synthesized zirconyl naphthenates_

Zirconyl naphthenate Distribution of hydrogen atoms by structural groups, % Aromatization degree Isoparaffin index

H„ Ha H„ HY fa J

SN3 0.4 8.3 24.6 35.8 30.8 0.02 0.57

SN4 1.2 11.2 20.5 37.3 29.8 0.05 0.53

HA| - amount of protons in aromatic nucleus, Ha - amount of protons on methylene groups attached to carboxyl group at a-position H;; and H„ - contents of hydrogen atoms in the alkvl chain and naphthenic CH and CH2 fragments respectively, Hy - content of hydrogen atoms in the terminal methyl groups.

The average structural parameters, isopa-raffin index and degree of aromatization of SN3 and SN4 zirconyl napthtenates were calculated according to the method [10] on the basis of average molecular mass values, NMR data and were given in Table 2. As it is clear from the table, zirconyl naphthenates gained on the basis of relatively high-boiling fractions (180— 200°C) contain 1.2% aromatics. The percentage of protons of napthtenic hydrocarbons decreases from 24.6% to 20.5%.

From the source in the literature [1, 11], is known that oil acids extracted from Baku oil contain, condensed bicyclic hydrocarbons consisting in cycles of 5 or 6 members are relatively more (more than 42%). Relatively light fractions contain cyclohexane carboxylic acid and its derivatives. On the basis of information obtained from IR and NMR spectroscopy analysis results about fractional composition and structural parameters of the petroleum acid (Table 2) it has been identified that besides other components, there are condensed naphthenic acids

which contain 5 and 6 membered cycles with common structure below [12].

R = CH3, C2H5 and etc.

X-ray analysis of synthesized zirconyl naphthenates (SN2 and SN3) is carried out and the diffractograms are given on Figure 5. According to the diffractograms of SN2 and SN3, the obtained complexes also contain amorphous segments, as well as peaks characterized by a high intensity of crystalline substance (30-35 0). This is due to the presence of KC1 in the composition of the complex as an additional product. It was found that the synthesized zirconium naphthenates are completely amorphous, as can be seen from the diffractograms recorded after the KC1 is washed with water (Figure 5).

S, 2500

£

0

to

1 1600

SCO 400 100

Fig. 5. Diffractograms of SN2 and SN3 zirconyl naphthenates and after washing with water of them.

0 2 i Total scale 16462 pmp

0 2 * Total scale 16462 pmp

a b

Fig. 6. X-ray fluorescence microscopic images of SN2 zirconyl naphthenate before (6a) and after washing its with water (6b).

The spectra of zirconyl naphthenates SN2 synthesized from petroleum acids with boiling temperature of 160-180°C recorded on X-ray fluorosence microscope before and after washing with water and dried under vacuum are shown on Figure 6a and 6b respectively. As it can be seen from the figures after washing with water the SN2 zirconyl naphthenate, KC1 containing in the composition of the complex is washed away. As seen from the X-ray fluorescence microscopy spectra of SN2 zirconyl naphthenate washed with water does not contain KC1. This is consistent with the results of X-ray analysis.

The results of investigations show that carrying out the synthesis of zirconyl naph-

thenates on the based petroleum acid fractions in the water-alcoholic medium permits to obtain more pure desired product. Therefore, unreacted petroleum acids are removed from the reaction medium as a solution in alcohol, and the obtained zirconyl naphthenate is pure and no additional washing steps are necessary.

The complex catalytic systems consisting of zirconyl naphthenates synthesized on the basis of petroleum acids and alkyl aluminum chlorides ((C2H5)„AlCl3-„) were tested in the oli-gomerization process of ethylene under the mild condition. Product of oligomerization obtained from SN2 and SN3 zirconyl naphthenate with the use of (^Hs^AhCh as a cocatalyst in the toluene medium, in the temperature range of

1—I—'—I—'—I—'—[—1—I—1—I—'—I—1—I—I—I—1—I—'—I—I—I—I—

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10 15 50 25 30 35 40 4 5 50 55 SO 65

2Theta О

washed with water SN3 washed with water

70-140°C, under the pressure of ethylene 10-50 atm consists mainly of linear a-olefines with a number of carbons varied among C4—C2o+- Increasing the temperature of the reaction from 70 to 140°C in the presence of SN2 leads to the decrease of butene quantity in the oligomeriza-tion product from 63.04 to 10.7%. Therefore the percentage of C10-C18 fractions accounts for 43.5% when this number for C4-C8 fractions of the product obtained in the temperature of 70°C is 96.2% [13, 14]. It was determined that, it is possible to obtain both oligomers and polymers, depending on the type of aluminum organic compound used as cocatalyst in the presence of the synthesized zirconyl naphthenate.

The research work was supported by the grant number EIF-KETPL-2-2015-l(25)-56(25)4-M-48 of Science Development Foundation Under The President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

References

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2. Zeinalov B.K., Nuriev L.G., Kerimov P.M., Sari-yeva S.A., Agaev B.K., Karaeva Z.Iu. Sintez i issle-dovanie svoistv naftenatov razlichnykh metallov // Azerb. neftianoe hoz-vo. 1996. № 1-2. S. 55-58.

3. Hanmetov A.A., Azizov A.G., Ibragimova M.D., Kuliev B.V., Alieva R.V., Kalbalieva E.S., Bagi-rova Sh.R., Mamedova R.Z. Polucentrovaia pri-roda katalizatorov oligomerizatcii etilena na osnove karboksilatov tcirkonila. Neftehimiia. 2007. T. 47. №3. S. 196-203.

4. Pat. 2032647 SSSR. Sposob polucheniia lineinykh a-olefinov S8-S18 / Hanmetov A.A., Azizov A.G., Piraliev A.G., Zhukov V.I., Ivolgina S.R. 1995.

5. Zhukov V.l., Valkovich G.V., Skorik I.N., Petrov Iu.M., Belov G.P. Oligomerizatciia etilena v pri-sutstvii kataliticheskoi sistemy ZrO(OCOR)2-Al(C2H5)2Cl-modifikator // Neftehimiia. 2007. T. 47. № 1. S. 52-57.

6. Hanmetov A.A. Oligomerizatciia etilena v prisut-stvii modifitcirovannykh kompleksnykh katalizatorov na osnove smeshannoligandnykh karboksila-tokhloridov tcirkoniia // Neftepererabotka i neftehimiia. 2007. T. 31. № 4. S. 37-67.

7. Bliumental U.B. Himiia tcirkoniia. M.: Himiia, 1963. 287 s.

8. Brainina E.M., Freidlina R.KH., Nesmeianov A.I. Novyi sposob polucheniia tetraatciloksiproizvod-nykh tcirkoniia // Izv. AN SSSR. Ser. him. 1961. №4. S. 608-612.

9. Abbasov V.M., Khanmetov A.A., Hajiyeva K.Sh., Aliyeva R.V., Khamiyev M.J., Mammadli R.Z., Thermophysical properties of zirconyl naphthe-nates synthesized based on natural oil acids // 7th Rostocker International Conference: "Thermophysical Properties for Technical Thermodynamics" -THERMAM 2018. P. 47.

10. Kamianov V.F., Bolshakov G.F., Opredelenie strukturnykh parametrov pri strukturno-gruppo-vom analize komponentov nefti // Neftehimiia. 1984. № 4. S. 450-159.

11. Samedova F.I. Azerbaidzhanskie nefti i ikh kom-ponentnyi sostav. Baku: Elm, 2002. 252 s.

12. Omonullavcva G.i. Yeni kationit vo cala 111111s ion-maye tipli katalizatorlann istiraki ib cfirlosmo vo transcfirlosmo reaksiyalanmn todqiqi. Kimya ii/ro (blsofb dokt. ... dis. Baki: AMEA Neft Kimya Proscslori institutu, 2011. 153 s.

13. Abbasov V.M., Azizov A.H., Xanmetov 0.0., Haciyeva K.Sh., Aliyeva R.V., Nuriyev Z. // Te-zisy docl. IX Bakinskoy mezhdunarodnoi Mamed-alievskoi konferentcii po neftehimii. 4-5 oktiabria. Baku 2016. S. 49.

14. Hanmetov A.A., Gadzhieva K.Sh., Mamedli R.Z., Hamiev M.D. Oligomerizatciia etilena v prisut-stvii novykh kompleksnykh kataliticheskikh sistem, sostoiashchikh iz naftenatov tcirkoniia i alkilaliuminiikhloridov // "Makromolekullar kim-yasi, üzvi sintez vo kompozit materiallar" Res-publika Elmi Konfransi. Sumqayit. 2016. S. 86.

NEFT TURSULARI OSASINDA SiRKONiL NAFTENATLARIN SiNTEZi VO ONLARIN ETiLENiN OLiQOMERLO§MOSi (POLiMERLO§MOSi) PROSESiNDO KOMPLEKS KATALiTiK SiSTEM KlMi

TOTBiQi

O.O.Xanmatov, K.§.Haciyeva, M.C.Xamiyev, RV.Oliyeva, ELROzizbayli, S.F.Ohmadbayova

Baki ncftlorindo 11 avrilmis neft tursulari fraksiyalan osasinda sirkonil naftenatlann yeni sintez üsulu islonib lia/irlannusdir. Müayyan cdilmisdir ki, sirkonil naftenatlann sintezinin spirt-su miiliitindo apanlmasi onlan qarisiqlardan tomizlonmis halda almaga imkan verir. Sintez olunnius sirkonil naftenatlann qurulus vo torkiblori iQ- \ o NMR-spektroskopiya, RFA, element analizi üsullan \asitosilo ovronilmisdir. Sintez olunnius sirkonil naftenatlar

osasinda homogen metal kompleks katalizatoran etilenin oliqomcrlosmo vo polimcrlosmo proscsindo viiksok katalitik aktivliya malik oldugu тйэууэп cdilmisdir.

Agar söz.for: sirkonil xlorid, neft tur§ulari fraksiyalari, sirkonil naftenatlar, etilen, oliqomerbgma.

СИНТЕЗ ЦИРКОНИЛНАФТЕНАТОВ НА ОСНОВЕ НЕФТЯНЫХ КИСЛОТ И ПРИМЕНЕНИЕ ИХ В КАЧЕСТВЕ КОМПЛЕКСНЫХ КАТАЛИТИЧЕСКИХ СИСТЕМ В ПРОЦЕССЕ ОЛИГОМЕРИЗАЦИИ

(ПОЛИМЕРИЗАЦИИ) ЭТИЛЕНА

А.А.Ханметов, К.Ш.Гаджиева, М.Д.Хамиев, Р.В.Алиева, Г.Р.Азизбейли, С.Ф.Ахмедбекова

Разработан новый способ синтеза нафтенатов цнрконнла на основе нефтяных кислот, выделенных из Бакинских нефтей. Установлено что, проведение синтеза нафтенатов цирконила в водно-спиртовой среде способствует получению их очищенными от примесей. С помощью метода ЯМР и ИК-спектроскопии, РФА и элементного анализа изучены структура и состав синтезированных нафтенатов цирконила. Установлено, что гомогенные металлкомплексные катализаторы (нафтенаты цирконила) проявляют высокую каталитическую активность в процесс АХ олигомеризации и полимеризации этилена.

Ключевые слова: хлорид цирконила, фракции нефтяных кислот, нафтенаты цирконила, этилен, олигомериза-ция, полимеризация.

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