Научная статья на тему 'TRANSFORMATION OF CHILDRENS’ BEHAVIOR OF CULTURAL PATTERNS IN THE CONTEXT OF SCREEN TIME'

TRANSFORMATION OF CHILDRENS’ BEHAVIOR OF CULTURAL PATTERNS IN THE CONTEXT OF SCREEN TIME Текст научной статьи по специальности «Психологические науки»

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Ключевые слова
screen time / green time / behavior patterns / cultural congruence / primary school age / art activities

Аннотация научной статьи по психологическим наукам, автор научной работы — Larisa Bayanova

Abstract: Two new phrases have recently appeared in the discourse of child psychology: “screen time” and “green time”. The concept illuminates two realities – the time being spent in front of the screen of the gadget and the time outside of it. This raises the question of how “screen time” influences a child’s behavior and their self-regulation during the interaction with cultural rules. A child’s gadget passion may provoke plenty of problems. Research goal. It was hypothesized that “screen time” affects children’s behavior. The common assumption is that children that frequently use smartphones don’t obey adults and don’t do their homework, illustrating a transformation in the habitual behavioral patterns of the children. The sample and the methodology. 200 children (average age = 8.6 ± 0.2) participated in the study. The time children spent with the gadget was measured, the “screen time” was calculated as the average time being spent during a week. The behavioral patterns were explored by the cultural congruence methodology. This methodology allowed us to diagnose the compliance of the child’s behavior to the cultural rules typical for his age. These rules are summarized in five factors: “Social interaction”, “Learning competence”, “Self-control”, “Obedience”, “Self-service”, and “Reglementation.” Results. Interestingly, the study distinguished three groups of children: 1) those who attend a musical school, 2) those who are engaged in artistic activities, and 3) those who are not engaged in any system of additional education. Art-based activities allowed the children to have a chance to increase the “green time” away from the screen. The study confirmed that the average screen time in the 3rd group of children was higher. The screen time was statistically connected to the level of cultural congruence i.e., the compliance of the child’s behavior to the cultural norms typical for his age. Conclusion. Indicators of the maturity of behavior patterns according to the cultural norms typical for a given age are higher among children engaged in musical and artistic activities. These results prove that the children who devote their “green time” to art assimilate to the rules better. This is the mark of successful socialization, as far as the interaction of a child takes place in a normative situation where the rules exist

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Текст научной работы на тему «TRANSFORMATION OF CHILDRENS’ BEHAVIOR OF CULTURAL PATTERNS IN THE CONTEXT OF SCREEN TIME»

Keywords: postpartum depression, postpartum PTSD, obstetric violence, COVID-19 pandemic, birth experience

DOI:

Digital technologies: Experience of Use

TRANSFORMATION OF CHILDRENS' BEHAVIOR OF CULTURAL PATTERNS IN THE CONTEXT OF SCREEN

TIME

Larisa Bayanova

Research associate, Psychological Institute Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia; e-mail:

balan7@yandex.ru

Abstract: Two new phrases have recently appeared in the discourse of child psychology: "screen time" and "green time". The concept illuminates two realities - the time being spent in front of the screen of the gadget and the time outside of it. This raises the question of how "screen time" influences a child's behavior and their self-regulation during the interaction with cultural rules. A child's gadget passion may provoke plenty of problems. Research goal. It was hypothesized that "screen time" affects children's behavior. The common assumption is that children that frequently use smartphones don't obey adults and don't do their homework, illustrating a transformation in the habitual behavioral patterns of the children. The sample and the methodology. 200 children (average age = 8.6 ± 0.2) participated in the study. The time children spent with the gadget was measured, the "screen time" was calculated as the average time being spent during a week. The behavioral patterns were explored by the cultural congruence methodology. This methodology allowed us to diagnose the compliance of the child's behavior to the cultural rules typical for his age. These rules are summarized in five factors: "Social interaction", "Learning competence", "Self-control", "Obedience", "Self-service", and "Reglementation." Results. Interestingly, the study distinguished three groups of children: 1) those who attend a musical school, 2) those who are engaged in artistic activities, and 3) those who are not engaged in any system of additional education. Art-based activities allowed the children to have a chance to increase the "green time" away from the screen. The study confirmed that the average screen time in the 3rd group of children was higher. The screen time was statistically connected to the level of cultural congruence i.e., the compliance of the child's behavior to the cultural norms typical for his age. Conclusion. Indicators of the maturity of behavior patterns according to the cultural norms typical for a given age are higher among children engaged in musical and artistic activities. These results prove that the children who devote their "green time" to art assimilate to the rules better. This is the mark of successful socialization, as far as the interaction of a child takes place in a normative situation where the rules exist.

Keywords: screen time, green time, behavior patterns, cultural congruence, primary school age, art activities

DOI:

"PLAY WITH FORI" AN INNOVATIVE EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM FOR SOCIO-EMOTIONAL SKILLS DEVELOPMENT IN BULGARIAN PRESCHOOL EDUCATION

Sevdzhihan Eyubova

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