Научная статья на тему 'RELATIONS BETWEEN THE INDICATORS OF INTERNET ADDICTION AND SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL ADJUSTMENT IN GIFTED HIGH SCHOOL CHILDREN'

RELATIONS BETWEEN THE INDICATORS OF INTERNET ADDICTION AND SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL ADJUSTMENT IN GIFTED HIGH SCHOOL CHILDREN Текст научной статьи по специальности «Психологические науки»

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Ключевые слова
Internet addiction / giftedness / social-psychological adjustment / high school children

Аннотация научной статьи по психологическим наукам, автор научной работы — Svetlana Petrova

Abstract: The current studies of internet addiction and its effects on academic achievement, emotional and social well-being of children and youth maintain their relevance in connection with the increasing role of digital technology in all areas of life. Much of the data indicate a positive role of internet activity in the development and realization of potential and self-improvement of gifted schoolchildren. However, studies often demonstrate negative influence of internet passion and overuse which is accompanied by increases in emotional, social and psychological problems, as such as problems of self-esteem, emotional estrangement, social isolation and loneliness in users who simultaneously display high intellectual abilities. However, the effects of internet addiction on intellectually gifted school children remain insufficiently understood. Hence, the current study consisted of comparing the indicators of socio-psychological adjustment in 80 academically gifted students in grades X and XI with different degrees of internet addiction. All participants were enrolled in a program of advanced education on mathematics based on their school achievements. The Internet Addiction Test by K. Young and the Methodology of Social-Psychological Adjustment by K. Rogers & R. Diamond were used. The data obtained demonstrated high variation of the degrees of internet addiction indices. Meanwhile, any case of veritable addiction among the participants was not revealed. No significant age and gender differences were found in the studied indicators, except for higher rates of adaptability and compliance in girls, as well as maladaptation and the desire for dominance in boys. Correlation analysis revealed significant and rather strong negative correlations between the following indicators of internet addiction and social-psychological adjustment: adaptation, self-acceptance, emotional comfort, internality, ‒ and positive correlations with indicators of dominance and escapism. The results are consistent with the idea of the negative impact of internet addiction on the social well-being of gifted high school students.

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Текст научной работы на тему «RELATIONS BETWEEN THE INDICATORS OF INTERNET ADDICTION AND SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL ADJUSTMENT IN GIFTED HIGH SCHOOL CHILDREN»

groups by gender. We used psychological testing methods: the questionnaire "The level of computer game addiction" by O.M. Vidov; methodology "Indicator of coping strategies"; Kimberly-Young test for internet addiction; technique (MIG-TS). With the help of a theoretical analysis of the problem of risky Internet behavior, we determined that this is a complex construct that has various interpretations, the terminology is quite variable, in addition to the concept of "risk Internet behavior", the terms "Internet addiction" or "Internet addiction" are most often used in the literature. The general concept involves the definition of this phenomenon as a form of psychological dependence, which manifests itself in an obsessive passion for computer games, the subordination of one's choice to an external false goal and the achievement of progress in virtual gaming reality. As a result of the empirical study, it can be concluded that internet addiction affects the cooperative behavior of adolescents. The high frequency of using a technical tool is associated with the likelihood of signs of dependence, the structure of needs and the expansion of the bodily boundaries of adolescents, which has been fully confirmed.

Keywords: Internet addiction, risky Internet behavior, adolescents, coping behavior

DOI:

RELATIONS BETWEEN THE INDICATORS OF INTERNET ADDICTION AND SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL ADJUSTMENT IN GIFTED HIGH SCHOOL CHILDREN

Svetlana Petrova

Senior Research Fellow, Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia; email: simarik2000@mail.ru

Abstract: The current studies of internet addiction and its effects on academic achievement, emotional and social well-being of children and youth maintain their relevance in connection with the increasing role of digital technology in all areas of life. Much of the data indicate a positive role of internet activity in the development and realization of potential and self-improvement of gifted schoolchildren. However, studies often demonstrate negative influence of internet passion and overuse which is accompanied by increases in emotional, social and psychological problems, as such as problems of self-esteem, emotional estrangement, social isolation and loneliness in users who simultaneously display high intellectual abilities. However, the effects of internet addiction on intellectually gifted school children remain insufficiently understood. Hence, the current study consisted of comparing the indicators of socio-psychological adjustment in 80 academically gifted students in grades X andXI with different degrees of internet addiction. All participants were enrolled in a program of advanced education on mathematics based on their school achievements. The Internet Addiction Test by K. Young and the Methodology of Social-Psychological Adjustment by K. Rogers & R. Diamond were used. The data obtained demonstrated high variation of the degrees of internet addiction indices. Meanwhile, any case of veritable addiction among the participants was not revealed. No significant age and gender differences were found in the studied indicators, except for higher rates of adaptability and compliance in girls, as well as maladaptation and the desire for dominance in boys. Correlation analysis revealed significant and rather strong negative correlations between the following indicators of internet addiction and social-psychological adjustment: adaptation, self-acceptance, emotional comfort, internality, - and positive correlations with indicators of dominance and escapism. The results are consistent with the idea of the negative impact of internet addiction on the social well-being of gifted high school students.

Keywords: Internet addiction, giftedness, social-psychological adjustment, high school children DOI:

TEENAGERS' SOCIAL NETWORKING AND EXTREMIST ATTITUDES

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