Научная статья на тему 'PRODUCTION AND PROPERTIES OF CORROSION INHIBITORS IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY'

PRODUCTION AND PROPERTIES OF CORROSION INHIBITORS IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY Текст научной статьи по специальности «Фундаментальная медицина»

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Ключевые слова
INHIBITOR / DIATOMIC PHENOLS / VINYLACETILEN / HYDROCHLORIC ACID / MONOETHANOLAMINE / CORROSION RATE / CORROSION INHIBITOR EFFECTIVENESS

Аннотация научной статьи по фундаментальной медицине, автор научной работы — Olimov Bobir, Gafurova Gulnoz, Qudratov Oston

When extracting oil and gas, wells are treated with diluted solutions of hydrochloric acid. As a result of this, the metal structures used in the drilling process are destroyed under the influence of acid. The acquisition of effective inhibitors to prevent this corrosion is one of the pressing issues of today.

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Текст научной работы на тему «PRODUCTION AND PROPERTIES OF CORROSION INHIBITORS IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY»

№ 2 (92)

февраль, 2022 г.

PETROCHEMISTRY

DOI - 10.32743/UniChem.2022.92.2.13009

PRODUCTION AND PROPERTIES OF CORROSION INHIBITORS IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY

Bobir Olimov

Assistant of the Department of Chemistry of the Bukhara Institute of Engineering-Technology,

Uzbekistan, Bukhara E-mail: chemistry292 7@mail.ru

Gulnoz Gafurova

Assistant of the Department of Chemistry of the Bukhara Institute of Engineering-Technology,

Uzbekistan, Bukhara

Oston Qudratov

master degree student of the Bukhara Institute of Engineering-Technology,

Uzbekistan, Bukhara

ПРОИЗВОДСТВО И СВОЙСТВА ИНГИБИТОРОВ КОРРОЗИИ В НЕФТЕГАЗОВОЙ ПРОМЫШЛЕННОСТИ

Олимов Бобир Баходирович

ассистент кафедры химии Бухарского инженерно-технологического института, Республика Узбекистан, Бухара E-mail: chemistry2927@mail. ru

Гафурова Гулноз Алихоновна

ассистент кафедры химии Бухарского инженерно-технологического института, Республика Узбекистан, Бухара

Кудратов Остон Хайруллаевич

магистрант

Бухарского инженерно-технологического института, Республика Узбекистан, Бухара

ABSTRACT

When extracting oil and gas, wells are treated with diluted solutions of hydrochloric acid. As a result of this, the metal structures used in the drilling process are destroyed under the influence of acid. The acquisition of effective inhibitors to prevent this corrosion is one of the pressing issues of today.

АННОТАЦИЯ

При добыче нефти и газа скважины обрабатывают разбавленными растворами соляной кислоты. В результате этого металлические конструкции, используемые в процессе бурения, разрушаются под воздействием кислоты. Приобретение эффективных ингибиторов для предотвращения этой коррозии является одной из актуальных проблем сегодняшнего дня.

Keywords: inhibitor, diatomic phenols, vinylacetilen, hydrochloric acid, monoethanolamine, corrosion rate, corrosion inhibitor effectiveness.

Ключевые слова: ингибитор, двухатомные фенолы, винилацетилен, соляная кислота, моноэтаноламин, скорость коррозии, эффективность ингибитора коррозии.

Библиографическое описание: Olimov B., Gafurova G., Qudratov O. PRODUCTION AND PROPERTIES OF CORROSION INHIBITORS IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY // Universum: химия и биология : электрон. научн. журн. 2022. 2(92). URL: https://7universum. com/ru/nature/archive/item/13009

INTRODUCTION. Today, research works are carried out in all developed countries of the world in the field of synthesis of inhibitors against corrosion of metals and creation of inhibiting systems based on them. As a result of the application of inhibitors to the corrosive environment, the rate of corrosion can be reduced and with their help it is possible to increase the degree of protection by almost 100% [1-3].

The effectiveness of the inhibitor is determined by its nature as well as the nature of the corrosive metal. Corrosion significantly depends on the composition and properties of the corrosive medium, as well as on the temperature of the medium in some cases. Soluble corrosion inhibitors in hydrocarbons are most effective

for use in the oil and gas industry. One of the ways to improve the inhibitory and stabilizing properties of alkylphenols and increase their polarity is to add active additional groups to them. The protective properties of organic compounds are much more pronounced when the molecule is introduced into various functional groups, which include heteroatoms such as O, N, S, P [4-6].

METHOD. Sulphomethylated derivatives of alkylphenols are known to have high antioxidant and an-ticorrosive properties. Based on the above, the study of the sulfomethylation reaction of vinyl esters of diatomic phenols in terms of the formation of corrosion inhibitors has aroused great interest [7-9].

CH2=O+ O- -► RO

CH2OH

CH2OH

R= H2C=Ç

CH

The ortho-oxymethyl-derivative initially formed in an alkaline medium is converted into an active electrophilic reagent that reacts with the nucleophilic sulfite anion.

Such an electrophilic reagent is likely to be an intermediate product formed as a result of dehydration of the oxymethyl product. The reaction scheme is as follows:

OH

+ NaHSO

OR

O-Na+

r^S

OR

-S

OH

H2OH

+ CH2O

OH

OR

CH2SO3Na

+ H2O

OR

The sulfometylation reaction occurs only in the presence of water. In this case, formalin (40% aqueous methanal solution) serves not only as a methanal reserve, but also as an aqueous medium.

RESULTS. Effective corrosion inhibitors based on vinyl esters of synthesized two-atom phenols with vinylacetylene and methanal (methanal) of local raw materials were obtained with the following results.

2

Table 1.

Corrosion inhibitory effect of products of interaction vinyl esters of two-atomic phenols with formalin

and sodium bisulfite

№ Reagent quantity, mole Path of process Time of reaction, hour Temperature, °C Change of plate mass, g Protective effect, %

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

1 4-hydroxy 1-(1 -methylene allyloxy) benzene - 0,05 Sodium bisulfite - 0,06 Formalin - 0,06 0P-10-0,08 At the same time 12-13 80-95 0,0324 73,5

2 4-hydroxy 1-(1 -methylene allyloxy) benzene - 0,05 Sodium bisulfite - 0,06 Formalin - 0,06 0P-10-0,08 Formalin is added to drip after 30 min of storage without heating 12-13 80-95 0,0243 79,3

3 4-hydroxy 1-(1 -methylene allyloxy) benzene - 0,05 Sodium bisulfite - 0,06 Formalin -0,155 0P-10-0,08 At the same time 18 80-95 0,0225 79,7

4 4-hydroxy 1-(1 -methylene allyloxy) benzene - 0,05 Sodium bisulfite - 0,06 Formalin -0,155 0P-10-0,08 Formalin is added to drip after 30 min of storage without heating 20 80-95 0,0185 82,8

5 4-hydroxy 1-(1 -methylene allyloxy) benzene - 0,05 Sodium bisulfite - 0,06 Formalin -0,155 0P-10-0,08 Formalin is added to drip after 30 min of storage without heating 20-22 80-95 0,0154 87,08

6 4-hydroxy 1-(1 -methylene allyloxy) benzene - 0,05 Sodium bisulfite - 0,06 Formalin -0,155 0P-10 -0,08 Formalin is added to drip after 30 min of storage without heating 22-24 80-95 0,0141 93,5

7 4-hydroxy 1-(1 -methylene allyloxy) benzene - 0,05 Sodium bisulfite - 0,06 Formalin -0,155 0P-10-0,08 Formalin is added to drip after 30 min of storage without heating 22-24 80-95 0,0178 82,17

Effective corrosion inhibitors based on vinyl ethers of synthesized two-atom phenols with vinylacetylene and methanal (formaldehyde) of local raw materials, the

following results were obtained. Based on the results obtained, the study on the development of corrosion inhibitors shows:

Table 2.

Dependence of the anti-corrosion characteristics of the SMKI corrosion inhibitor on the concentration

Sample S, 10-4 m2 t, hour Mass, mo, r Mass, m, r Am=mo-m, r Inhibitor concentration, % Corrosion rate, m/S2*c Z, % Y

1 17 72 6,608 6,043 0,565 - 4,616 - -

2 17 72 6,610 6,425 0,185 0,001 1,514 67,2 3,05

3 17 72 6,701 6,577 0,124 0,01 1,011 78,1 4,56

4 17 72 6,721 6,661 0,0605 0,05 0,494 89,3 9,34

5 17 72 6,658 6,599 0,0581 0,03 0,475 89,7 9,72

6 17 72 6,687 6,65 0,0367 0,1 0,3 93,5 15,386

«

S is

S ^

a ©

I e

KB

sc

&0

44J

20

93.S

67r2

j.iMl

0.01 0.03

Concentration, %

0.05

0.1

Figure 1. Dependence of steel corrosion protection level on SMKI concentration

16

^ 14

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S

n

ecf efef

r o

îs.îae y

972 /

¿r 56 /

i.os _____—■ /

0,001 0.01 ^ 0.03. 0.1

Concentration, %

Figure 2. Dependence of corrosion inhibitor effectiveness on SMKI concentration

DISCUSSION. Maximum protective effect -93.5% was obtained at a temperature of 90-95 ° C for 25 hours. The resulting compound exhibits anionic surfactant properties and has anticorrosive activity at the level of standard components. In conclusion, favorable condi-

tions for the synthesis of sulfomethylated corrosion inhibitor based on vinyl ether of diatomic phenols were identified and experimental data were presented. The synthesized SMKI corrosion inhibitor have been recommended for use in petroleum and gas chemical plants in the corrosion protection of carbon steel equipment.

№ 2 (92)

февраль, 2022 г.

References:

1. Назаров Шомурод, Ахмедов Вохид, Олимов Бобир, Хаитов Садулло синтез мономеров при участии винилацетилена из одноатомных фенолов содержащих ариловую группу // Universum: химия и биология. 2020. №11-2 (77). URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/sintez-monomerov-pri-uchastii-vinilatsetilena-iz-odnoatomnyh-fenolov-soderzhaschih-arilovuyu-gruppu (дата обращения: 16.04.2021).

2. Olimov B., & Akhmedov V. (2020). The effect of reaction duration and catalyst on the synthesis of arylvinyl esters. Збiрник наукових праць ЛОГО!, 33-37. https://doi.org/10.36074/20.11.2020.v2.07

3. Bahodirovich, Olimov B., et al. "Synthesis of Resorcinol Vinyl Ether in the Mono-position, Influence of the Catalyst, Temperature and Solvent on the Reaction Yield." JournalNX, 2020, pp. 44-51.

4. Б.Б. Олимов, В.Н. Ахмедов, Ш.К. Назаров. Электронная структура и квантово-химические расчёты виниловых эфиров фенолов. U55 Universum: химия и биология: научный журнал. - № 4(70). М., Изд. «МЦНО», 2020. - 53-57с.

5. B.B. Olimov, V.N. Ahmedov, S. Hayitov. Ikki atomli fenollar asosida vinilli efirlarni olish usullari. Fan va texnologiyаlar taraqqiyoti ilmiy - texnikaviy jurnal. - № 1/2020.

6. Б.Б. Олимов, В.Н. Ахмедов. Винилацетилен асосида фенолларнинг винил эфирлари синтези. "Замонавий ишлаб чикаришнинг мухандислик ва технологик муаммоларини инновацион ечимлари" Халкаро илмий анжуман материаллари Бухоро. 2019. 37-39 б.

7. В. Ахмедов, Б. Олимов, Г. Гафурова. Винилачетилен иштирокида винил эфирлар олиш. НамДУ илмий ахборотномаси - Научный вестник НамГУ 2021 йил 9-сон. 37-43 б.

8. B.B. Olimov, V.N. Akhmedov, G.A. Gafurova. Application of derivatives of diatomic phenols as corrosion inhibitors. Euro Asian Conference on Analytical Research (Germany) ISBN: 978-1-913482-99-2. 2021. 15 October. p. 136-138.

9. Olimov B., Akhmedov V., Gafurova G. Production and use of corrosion inhibitors on the basis of two-atomic phenols and local raw materials // Universum: химия и биология : электрон. научн. журн. 2021. 11(89). URL: https://7uni-versum.com/ru/nature/archive/item/12473

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