Научная статья на тему 'Organ mineral fertilizer based on waste from livestock sector and low-grade Kyzylkum phosphorite'

Organ mineral fertilizer based on waste from livestock sector and low-grade Kyzylkum phosphorite Текст научной статьи по специальности «Биологические науки»

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Ключевые слова
ФОСФОРИТ / PHOSPHORITE / STOCK FARMER / ВЛАЖНОСТЬ / HUMIDITY / УСВОЯЕМЫЙ ФОСФОР / ACCEPTABLE PHOSPHORUS / ГУМИНОВАЯ КИСЛОТА / HUMIC ACID / ЖИВОТНОВОДСТВО

Аннотация научной статьи по биологическим наукам, автор научной работы — Temirov Uktam, Reymov Ahmed, Namazov Shafoat

The article analyzes the results of researches of the composting phosphate slime with livestock sector wastes. It was found that phosphorus in the phosphate raw material transferred from unacceptable form into acceptable form for plants during the composting process. It was shown that the humic acid in organic matter reacts with phosphates substances in the raw

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Текст научной работы на тему «Organ mineral fertilizer based on waste from livestock sector and low-grade Kyzylkum phosphorite»

TECHNICAL SCIENCES

Organ mineral fertilizer based on waste from livestock sector and low-grade Kyzylkum phosphorite Temirov U.1, Reymov A.2, Namazov Sh.3 (Republic of Uzbekistan) Органоминеральные удобрения на основе отходов животноводства и некондиционных Кызылкумских фосфоритов Темиров У. Ш.1, Реймов А. М.2, Намазов Ш. С.3 (Республика Узбекистан)

'Темиров Уктам Шавкатович / Temirov Uktam - старший научный сотрудник-соискатель;

2Реймов Ахмед Мембеткаримови ч / Reymov Ahmed - доктор техни ческих наук, заместитель директора по науке;

3Намазов Шафоат Саттарович /Namazov Shafoat - доктор технических наук, профессор, заведующий лабораторией, лаборатория фосфорных удобрений, Институт общей и неорганической химии Академии наук Республики Узбекистан (АН РУз), г. Ташкент, Республика Узбекистан

Abstract: the article analyzes the results of researches of the composting phosphate slime with livestock sector wastes. It was found that phosphorus in the phosphate raw material transferred from unacceptable form into acceptable form for plants during the composting process. It was shown that the humic acid in organic matter reacts with phosphates substances in the raw.

Аннотация: анализируются результаты исследования компостирования фосфоритного шлама с отходом животноводства. Установлено, что фосфор в фосфатном сырье переходит из неусвояемой в усвояемую форму в процессе компостирования. Показано, что гуминовые кислоты в органическом веществе реагируют с фосфатными составляющими в сырье.

Keywords: phosphorite, stock farmer, humidity, acceptable phosphorus, humic acid.

Ключевые слова: фосфорит, животноводство, влажность, усвояемый фосфор, гуминовая кислота.

The soil fertility mainly depends from organic matter playing role in soil formation processes and improvement of soil physicochemical properties, supply of plants by nutritional and biological active substances. The soil is exhausted rapidly without organic fertilizers especially when intensive methods of farming management. Nutrients of mineral fertilizers cannot replace humus as nitrogen source and others ones releasing when it mineralization although they will apply into soil a lot. The soil practice and results numerous agrochemical researches show that application the same mineral fertilizer affect negatively on soil properties, that is, humus content is decreased, microorganisms' numbers and composition are changed, direction of chemical and biological transformations is changed, as a result the fertility of the soil is reduced. When high content of the humus and due to more favourable agrophysical properties, the return from fertilizer increases in 1,5-2 times [1].

Therefore, when use of the fertilizers it is important to include reserves of humus in the soil. Maintenance of the humus reserves level in the arable soil can be exercised by regular of organic and organ mineral fertilizer application. Compost prepared based on waste from cattle farm amuses important place in the system of organic and organ mineral fertilizers. Many countries the composting organic wastes have already become sector on processing ones into fertilizers. Some enterprises, farm managements and scientific production associations work composting. In Uzbekistan there is no single science-based approach on preparation of the composts based on wastes from stock farms. The humus formation is made from organic substances in the composts is exclusive complex process which implements during the microorganisms' vital functions. The most valuable humus in the composts formed from stock farms in neutral oxidation and tempered moistening and during the optimal conditions for active vital functions of microorganisms.

To create optimal condition during the composting stock farmer wastes it is added mineral fertilizers, phosphorite flour, lime carbonate and other matter. These substances are necessary to support pH, as well as nutrient for microorganisms' vital functions [2].

Finished product the additives are acceptable for plants form. Manure composting with addition of phosphorite flour is effective approach. When composting manure with phosphorite flour humification rate of organic manure is increased, the nitrogen losses from it decreased, but phosphorus from phosphorite flour transfers into acceptable form due to interaction it with humic acid. The reaction among the humic acid and phosphates can be presented the following way:

2R COOH + Ca3(PO4)2 -* (R COO)2Ca + 2CaHPO4

2R COOH + 2CaHPO4 -► (R COO)2 Ca + Ca (H2PO4)2

2R COOH + Ca(H2PO4)2 -► (R COO)2Ca + 2H3PO4

At present at Kyzyl kum combine waste called mineral mass containing 12-14% P205 is removed out of the enrichment proces of phosphorite ore. Moreover, phosphorite slime containing 8-10% P205 is formed during the washing phosphorite flour off chlorine. Losses of the phosphorus are reached to 35-40 % from initial mass of the phosphorite concentrate (26 % P205) in the reject material. However, the processing them to phosphorus fertilizers is imperative. One of the real and reasonable ways of their treatment to fertilizers are composting them with stock farmer wastes.

Implementation of the technology to production defined degree to solve the issue of phosphorus and organic fertilizers deficiency.

In connection with we have carried out some laboratorial experiments on composting manure with phosphorite slime from Kyzyl kum phosphorites containing (weight, %): 7.75 P205; 41.03Ca0; 2.59Al2O3; 1.58 Fe2O3; 0.15 MgO; 21.63CO2; CaO: P205 = 5.29. The composition of livestock (weight, %): moisture -73,2; ashes - 15.2; organic matter - 11.6; humic acids - 2.58; fulvic acids - 2.35; water soluble organic substances - 2.57; P2O5 - 0.2; Ntotal - 0.48; K2O - 0.58.

The composts were prepared when mass ratio o manure: phosphate raw, 1:0,026; 1:0,042; 1:0,079; 1:0,155; 1:0,222; 1:0,34; 1:0,5; 1:0,75 and 1:0,85. Further water was added into the prepared mixture to 70 % moisture then the mixture was mixed carefully and placed in the bottles with 0,5 l. The surface of the mixture was covered by thin layer of soil to create natural condition. Further battle was placed into thermostat and stood at 25°C.

Each 15 day we determined humidity compost, and added necessary amount of water to support humidity to 70 % and mixed. After two days, the composts were subjected to analysis. The results showed that at mass ratio of manure: phosphate raw 1:0,026 and 1:0,222 obtained products have the following composition (weight, %): humadity - 72.9-; ashes - 13.0; organic matter - 14.1; humic acids - 3.2; fulvic acids - 3.56; water soluble organic substances - 2.46; P2O5total - 0.42; P2O5acceptable by 2 % citric acid solution - 0.22; Ntotal -

0.43.K20 - 0.61.

Thus, the high-performance organic mineral fertilizers can be obtained containing complex nutrient by composting low-grade with livestock sector wastes.

References

1. Jukov A. I. humus Condition of humus balance in USSR soil and demand in organic fertilizers. Proceeding SRI of agriculture microbiology. - Leningrad, proceedingolume 58. 1988. P. 12-20.

2. MC Manna, A. Subra Rao, Asha Sahu and UB Singh. Compost Handbook: research-production-application. 2012. P. 132.

The development tendency of transport and logical control technology improvent

in Republic of Kazakhstan Imasheva G.1, Asilbekova I.2, Karipbaeva A.3 (Republic of Kazakhstan) Тенденция развития по совершенствованию технологии транспортно-логистического управления Республики Казахстан Имашева Г. М.1, Асильбекова И. Ж.2, Карипбаева А. К.3 (Республика Казахстан)

'Имашева Гульнар Махмутовна/Imasheva Gulnar - доктор технических наук, профессор; 2Асильбекова ИндираЖаксыбаевна /Asilbekova Indira - кандидат технических наук, профессор; 3Карипбаева Айгерим Канатбековна /Karipbaeva Ajgerim - магистр, старший преподаватель, Академия гражданской авиации, г. Алматы, Республика Казахстан

Аннотация: в статье исследованы концептуальные направления развития логистической инфраструктуры товаропроводящей сети Казахстана. Проанализирована ситуация с развитием рынка транспортных и логистических услуг в Республики Казахстан в аспектах мировых тенденций. В данном исследовании выявлены недостатки транспортно-логистического сервиса Казахстана и определены направления его совершенствования. Сделан вывод о необходимости его развития в следующих направлениях: развитие региональной логистической инфраструктуры общего пользования

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