Научная статья на тему 'Development of a rational package of materials overalls for oil production workers'

Development of a rational package of materials overalls for oil production workers Текст научной статьи по специальности «Технологии материалов»

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Ключевые слова
exploration / explosion hazard / flammability / conditions / dust storm / special clothing / crude oil / total solar radiation / operational / aesthetic / геологоразведка / взрывоопасность / горючесть / условия / пыльная буря / упаковка одежды / специальная одежда / защитная одежда / общее солнечное излучение / эксплуатационные / эстетика

Аннотация научной статьи по технологиям материалов, автор научной работы — M.M. Chorieva, F.U. Nigmatova, M.A. Mansurova, F.U. Sultonova

Significant differences in the climatic conditions of the desert regions of Uzbekistan from the conditions of other oil and gas producing countries make it relevant to develop new types of overalls for workers in the oil and gas industry. The fabric of overalls for industrial workers used in the clothing industry has been studied. Taking into account that working clothes are made from these fabrics, studies were carried out to ensure that the fabrics meet the requirements of the state standard. At the same time, the quality indicators of textile fabrics made of cotton and blended fabrics are taken into account. The article studied the physical and mechanical properties of each textile fabric and the results were summarized in a special laboratory based on several indicators.

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Разработка рационального пакета материалов спецодежды для работников нефтедобычи

Значительные отличия климатических условий пустынных районов Узбекистана от условий других нефтегазодобывающих стран делают актуальной разработку новых видов спецодежды для работников нефтегазовой отрасли. Исследована ткань спецодежды для промышленных рабочих, используемая в швейной промышленности. Учитывая, что из этих тканей изготавливают рабочую одежду, были проведены исследования на соответствие тканей требованиям государственного стандарта. При этом учитываются качественные показатели текстильных тканей из хлопчатобумажных и смесовых тканей. В статье изучались физико-механические свойства каждой текстильной ткани и результаты обобщались в специальной лаборатории на основании нескольких показателей.

Текст научной работы на тему «Development of a rational package of materials overalls for oil production workers»

Современные инновации, системы и технологии // Modern Innovations, Systems and Technologies

год; 2022 2(2) eISSN: 2782-2818 https://www.oajmist.com

УДК: 677. 021.125 ЕБ№ TEYEHF

Б01: https://doi.org/10.47813/2782-2818-2022-2-2-0310-0317

Разработка рационального пакета материалов спецодежды для работников нефтедобычи

М.М. Чориева1, Ф.У. Нигматова2, М.А. Мансурова2, Ф.У. Султанова2

1 Бухарский инженерно-технологический институт, Бухара, Узбекистан 2Ташкентский институт текстильной и легкой промышленности, Tашкент,

Узбекистан

Аннотация. Значительные отличия климатических условий пустынных районов Узбекистана от условий других нефтегазодобывающих стран делают актуальной разработку новых видов спецодежды для работников нефтегазовой отрасли. Исследована ткань спецодежды для промышленных рабочих, используемая в швейной промышленности. Учитывая, что из этих тканей изготавливают рабочую одежду, были проведены исследования на соответствие тканей требованиям государственного стандарта. При этом учитываются качественные показатели текстильных тканей из хлопчатобумажных и смесовых тканей. В статье изучались физико-механические свойства каждой текстильной ткани и результаты обобщались в специальной лаборатории на основании нескольких показателей.

Ключевые слова: геологоразведка, взрывоопасность, горючесть, условия, пыльная буря, специальная одежда, защитная одежда, общее солнечное излучение, эстетика.

Для цитирования: Чориева, М.М., Нигматова, Ф.У., Мансурова, М.А. & Султанова, Ф.У. (2022). Разработка рационального пакета материалов спецодежды для работников нефтедобычи.

Современные инновации, системы и технологии - Modern Innovations, Systems and Technologies, 2(2), 0501-0508. https://doi.org/10.47813/2782-2818-2022-2-2-0310-0317

Development of a rational package of materials overalls for oil

production workers

M.M. Chorieva1, F.U. Nigmatova2, M.A. Mansurova2, F.U. Sultonova2

1Bukhara Engineering-Technological Institute, Bukhara, Uzbekistan 2Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Abstract. Significant differences in the climatic conditions of the desert regions of Uzbekistan from the conditions of other oil and gas producing countries make it relevant to develop new types of overalls for workers in the oil and gas industry. The fabric of overalls for industrial workers used in the clothing

© M. M. Chorieva, F.U. Nigmatova, M.A. Mansurova, F.U. Sultonova, 2022

0310

industry has been studied. Taking into account that working clothes are made from these fabrics, studies were carried out to ensure that the fabrics meet the requirements of the state standard. At the same time, the quality indicators of textile fabrics made of cotton and blended fabrics are taken into account. The article studied the physical and mechanical properties of each textile fabric and the results were summarized in a special laboratory based on several indicators.

Keywords: exploration, explosion hazard, flammability, conditions, dust storm, special clothing, crude oil, total solar radiation, operational, aesthetic.

For citation: Chorieva, M., Nigmatova, F., Mansurova, M., & Sultonova, F. (2022). Development of a rational package of materials overalls for oil production workers. Modern Innovations, Systems and Technologies, 2(2), 0501-0508. https://doi.org/10.47813/2782-2818-2022-2-2-0310-0317

INTRODUCTION

The relevance of this work is caused by the need to provide oil and gas production workers with high quality professional clothing, to raise the prestige of professional clothing for oil and gas workers. In the conditions of modern production technologies, special clothing must represent a reliable barrier that provides comprehensive protection and correspond to real operating conditions.

Special clothing is a multidimensional object due to the influence of various hazardous and harmful production factors, among which should be noted the impact of chemical liquids, oils, petroleum products, explosion hazard, flammability, climatic and geographic conditions, mechanical stress, dust storm, etc [1].

To create safe working conditions for workers in the oil industry, personal protective equipment is used, the most common of which is special clothing. Ensuring the safety of workers due to the high quality of overalls and high protective properties of materials, based on the use of new materials with high physical, mechanical and protective properties, is undoubtedly relevant, which is explained by the need to develop levers and incentives to increase the production efficiency of the oil industry [2].

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The garment bag must retain its protective properties for a long time, as stipulated by the rules for issuing protective clothing. A characteristic feature of the climatic conditions of gas and oil fields in Uzbekistan is their location in the desert, where the summer is very harsh, and hot and dry weather is one of the important criteria in the design of CO for oil and gas workers for production and exploration.

The duration of the hot and transitional periods is up to 9 months. In summer, the average total solar radiation is -17.7 in May; in June -19.4; in July -19.4; in August -18.1 kcal/cm2. The duration of the sun's radiance is on average 10 hours, reaching 14 hours a day in summer (June).

High speed winds together with high temperatures and dust storms intensify the heating condition of the environment. The dustiness of the air, which increases with the wind, contributes to the pollution of the body surface, which reduces perspiration due to clogging of the excretory streams of the sweat glands. At the same time, the work of the sebaceous glands is disrupted, the skin becomes dry, less heat-conducting, which causes an additional thermal load on the thermo-rounding apparatus.

In the hot desert climate of Uzbekistan in the summer period (tv = 40-450C during the day, tv = 26-280C at night), the mechanisms of thermoregulation of working oil workers are in excessive stress. Many workers have a decrease in systolic pressure, negative water balance (with a loss of 1-1.5% of body weight), characteristic swelling of the extremities (feet and hands), a sharp decrease in efficiency, constant thirst [3].

The main types of work during the operation of the Bukhara oil fields are carried out in the open air, and the produced oil, its components and various chemical reagents used in the production process are toxic and explosive substances. Taking into account the above, an important condition for the creation of high-quality overalls for workers in oil complexes is -taking into account the physical, mechanical and hygienic requirements for materials for its manufacture.

At the same time, it is necessary to ensure compliance with operational, aesthetic, hygienic requirements and functional comfort of clothing. Such requirements for clothing are aimed at ensuring proper heat, mass and gas exchange of the human body with the environment, the level of body and skin temperature, skin moisture, skin respiration. These requirements can be met by using materials for clothing with rational indicators of such physical and chemical properties as strength, moisture permeability, air permeability, hygroscopicity, on the one hand, and antistatic, windproof, oil and fire resistant properties, etc. Oil protection clothing is regulated by various GOST and TU [4] and international standards [5].

The special clothing used in the fields is a set of cotton costume twill. During operation, a suit made of pure cotton fibers quickly fade under the sun, wears out, breaks, does not provide adequate protection and does not withstand the terms of wear. Protection from rain and oil

products Does not provide special clothing, since by its characteristics it is intended for general purpose CO from industrial pollution.

In recent years, the range of functional fabrics with new protective and hygienic properties has significantly expanded, which creates preconditions for improving the range of workwear. Modern manufacturers of special clothing offer suits made of fabrics that differ significantly from each other in their composition and properties and have a different price category. As an analysis of the modern assortment of special suits for protection against oil, the catalogs of manufacturers of special clothing from different countries with similar climatic conditions were considered.

Uzbekistan. These are the firms "NORDTEX", "Nurafshon-Nur", "Line of protection", "Energocontract", "Sirius", "TECHNOAVIA", "Fakel", "Overalls Legion", "Avangard", "Novaga", etc. which proposed new models of suits for protection against oil and oil products. Various fabrics are used to sew these suits.

Analysis of the materials used in the models of more than two dozen workwear manufacturing companies made it possible to establish the proportional distribution of modern materials for oil-proof clothing, where the main materials used for the top are mixed and cotton fabrics with oil-, water- and oil-oil-water-repellent impregnations. Protective clothing for oil workers must meet a set of requirements that are often incompatible with each other, but ensure a comfortable state of the person (Figure 1).

Oil is mainly composed of 79.5 - 87.5% carbon and 11.0 - 14.5% hydrogen. In addition to the main elements, sulfur, oxygen and nitrogen are present in oil. Small concentrations of the following metals are found in oil: vanadium, nickel, iron, aluminum, copper, magnesium, barium, strontium, manganese, chromium, cobalt, molybdenum, boron, arsenic, potassium, sodium, iodine, zinc, calcium, silver, gallium [7].

The listed elements, settling on the surface of fibers and fabrics, negatively affect the fabric of workwear and adversely affect human health. In addition, oil has the ability to penetrate the porous structures of textile materials, which negatively affects the properties of the materials and shortens the wear period overalls. Therefore, the materials for the manufacture of overalls must be oil-resistant, while the loss of strength from the impact of oil should not exceed 15% [8].

t !

Figure 1. Types of overalls for oil and gas workers.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

The research of hygienic and physical-mechanical indicators of modern fabrics in relation to oil-protective overalls has been carried out. The object of the study is blended fabrics made of synthetic and natural fibers, selected as the most frequently used by enterprises -manufacturers of workwear. In total, 14 tissue samples from Chinese and local manufacturers were tested in laboratory conditions. Indicators of the physical and mechanical properties of tissues are presented in table. 1. Cotton and blended fabrics in the weight range from 204 to 253 g/m2. All fabrics have high tensile strength (warp from 683 to 1000 N, weft from 500 to 769 N).

The research of hygienic and physical-mechanical indicators of modern fabrics in relation to oil-protective overalls has been carried out. The object of the study is blended fabrics made of synthetic and natural fibers, selected as the most frequently used by enterprises -manufacturers of workwear. In total, 14 tissue samples from Chinese and local manufacturers were tested in laboratory conditions. Indicators of the physical and mechanical properties of tissues are presented in table. 1. Cotton and blended fabrics in the weight range from 204 to 253 g / m2. All fabrics have high tensile strength (on the basis from 683 to 1000 N, on the weft from 500 to 769 N) and corresponds to the indicators of GOST [1-11209-85].

Particular attention should be paid to the indicator of color fastness and abrasion. Practically all prototypes of mixed fabrics have sufficient color strength values of 4 points, which also shows compliance with GOST [1-11209-85].

The analysis of the hygienic indicators of the studied tissues was assessed by air permeability and hygroscopicity. It is known that hygiene indicators depend on the fibrous

composition of the fabric, thickness, surface density of the material, as well as on the design parameters of clothing: the tighter the fit, the less its air permeability [9].

Table 1. Results of the experiment of physical and mechanical parameters of fabrics for workwear.

№ Indicators

m- ласт Sample number № GOST

№3 №4 №5

№7

№8 №13 №14

2 3

8

Fibrous composition%

Thickness of fabric, mm Surface density.g/m2 Density the of the number tion of

threads

g

elongati tion on, %

mm Color fastness, point

Dry friction Wet friction

9 Abrasion, cycle

10 Hardness N/m

j j Air permeability, cm3/cm2sec.

. ? Hygroscopicity, 12 %

25617 ISO 5088

founda

11209-85 11209-85

per 10cm

the

Shrinka founda ge,% tion ducks the

Tensile founda strength tion

, ducks

Breakin the

ducks 11209-85

founda tion

ducks

11209-85 11209-85 11209-85 11209-85 11209-85

11209-85

11209-85 11209-85

80-Pye, 20-Visc

0.45 253

67100- Pye, Visc 33-Visc

0.45 0.4 248 237

67-

Pye, 20 -cot, 13-Visc

0.35 253

100-Cot

40- 40-nitron, Pye,

60-Visc

0.50 0.3 254 204

60-Visc

0.48 243

360 470 420 430 420 410 440

230 220 230 240 240 230 280

1.5 2.5 2.5 2 7.5 1 0

1.5 1.5 0 2.5 2.5 0 0

931 796 993 1000 714 886 1000

628 612 502 736 528 694 769

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11 14 12 11 12 11 11

19 21 19 17 24 18 18

4 4 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3...4 4 4

25000 25000 25000 25000 21000 25000 2500 0

8.16 1.36 7.1 1.283 1.02 1.35 1.37

6.28 5.19 8.26 9.14 32.1 6.28 3.37

1.22 5.32 3.04 2.43 6.22 1.36 1.47

1

4

5

6

7

Note: some conventional designations are adopted in the table: polyester - Pye, viscose - Visc., Cot - Cotton. abrasion resistance must be at least 7000 cycles. Abrasion resistance of experimental samples - within 21000 - 25000 cycles.

As shown by the research results, the highest values of air permeability have sample №.8 and № 9, and the smallest - №4 from one hundred percent viscose and №14 from polyester and viscose. The hygiene of sample No. 8 is also high - 6.22%. The results presented in Table 1 show that the air permeability and hygiene of fabrics little depend on the fibrous composition and their structural characteristics: with a small value of the coefficient of variation in thickness and surface density of experimental samples of mixed fabrics made of polyester and viscose fibers, the values of air permeability and hygiene differ significantly.

Fabrics made of 100% cotton fiber, with the best hygiene indicators among all the samples under study, have relatively low values of tensile strength (714/528 N) with the requirement of 1000/900 N. Hence, we can draw the following conclusion: when choosing mixed fabrics for overalls for oil workers, the methods of complex assessment should be applied. To enhance ventilation, it is recommended to use ventilation openings, free cut with a constructive increase of at least 8-10 cm [10], which provide a comfortable state of the worker, and the fabrics are treated with protective ones with oil-, water- and oil-oil-water-repellent impregnations. Output significant differences in climatic conditions in the desert regions of Uzbekistan from the conditions of other oil and gas producing countries make the task of developing new types of overalls for workers in the oil and gas industry urgent [11]. A characteristic feature of the desert is a very high daytime air temperature lasting 8 months a year, dusty air, dust storms and sand avalanches, cold winters with a piercing wind.

CONCLUSIONS

Therefore, when choosing blended fabrics for overalls for oil workers, an integrated approach should be applied. To improve hygienic indicators, it is advisable to improve the design of overalls using materials from cotton raw materials.

REFERENCES

[1] Kurenova I.V. Development of research of special oil protection clothing with a modified package of materials, Shakhty, 2013, 30-34.

[2] Ganieva G.A. Development of a methodology for designing special clothing for workers oil industry Dissertation work. Republic of Kazakhstan Almaty, 2017, 97.

[3] Nigmatova F.U., Chorieva M.M. Peculiarities of climatic conditions of oil industry workers in the Republic of Uzbekistan. T.: "Ta'lim fidoiylari", 2021, 3, 493 p.

[4] Rostneft N.K. Requirements for personal protective equipment and the procedure for providing them with employees of the company, 2009, 727, 38-41.

[5] GOST 11209-85. Cotton and mixed protective fabrics for workwear.

[6] Overalls catalog. "Summer work clothes", 2015, 14 p.

[7] Sudo M.M. Oil and combustible gases in the modern world , 1984, 185.

[8] GOST R EN 340-2010. Occupational safety standards system. Clothing. special protective. M.: Standartinform, 2014, 24 p.

[9] Ivashchenko I.N. Development of special clothing to protect workers in the oil industry in the southern region of Russia from Low temperatures: diss. Nasoisk. Academic degree of technical sciences. M.:, 2008, 17 p.

[10] Anvar D., Kuliev T.M. Improvement of the construction and justification of parameters of the fibrous material regenerator, International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 2020, 29(8), 453-460.

[11] Koketkin P.P., Chubarova Z.S., Afanasyeva R.F. Industrial design of special clothing . M.: "Light industry and food industry", 1982, 184 p.

ИНФОРМАЦИЯ ОБ АВТОРАХ / INFORMATION ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Чориева М.М., Бухарский инженерно-технологический институт, Бухара, Узбекистан

e-mail: chorieva.78@list.ru

Нигматова Ф.У., Ташкентский институт текстильной и легкой промышленности, Tашкент, Узбекистан

Мансурова М.А., Ташкентский институт текстильной и легкой промышленности, Tашкент, Узбекистан

Султанова Ф.У., Ташкентский институт текстильной и легкой промышленности, Tашкент, Узбекистан

Chorieva M.M., Bukhara Engineering-Technological Institute, Bukhara, Uzbekistan e-mail: chorieva.78@list.ru

Nigmatova F.U., Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Mansurova M.A., Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Sultonova F.U., Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Статья поступила в редакцию 07.05.2022; одобрена после рецензирования 25.05.2022; принята

к публикации 23.06.2022. The article was submitted 07.05.2022; approved after reviewing 25.05.2022; accepted for publication

23.06.2022.

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