Научная статья на тему 'CLINICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL MOTIVES IN RUSSIAN ANIMATION'

CLINICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL MOTIVES IN RUSSIAN ANIMATION Текст научной статьи по специальности «Клиническая медицина»

CC BY
13
1
i Надоели баннеры? Вы всегда можете отключить рекламу.
Ключевые слова
clinical psychology / animation / primary school children / teenagers

Аннотация научной статьи по клинической медицине, автор научной работы — Elena Balashova

Abstract: Clinical psychology, which emerged as a field of science and practice at the end of the 19th century, has always attracted great attention. Even before its emergence as an independent science, various individual features of character, personality, and mental functions aroused the interest of philosophers, medics, and writers. Today, mental peculiarities and disorders are the object of both scientific research and artistic creativity, in which they are interpreted within the framework of the so-called aesthetic paradigm. One example of such a non-standard understanding of clinical and psychological phenomena and ideas is animation. Of course, the animation genre is very variable. It encompasses both entertaining and educational tasks and is aimed at different age groups. Psychological ideas and problems are addressed to children of primary school age, teenagers, young and adult fans of the animation genre. All these categories of viewers perceive these ideas in cartoons in different ways, but with continued interest and pleasure. In Russia, such cartoons appeared in the 1960s. One can mention as examples the cartoons of F. Khitruk, R. Kachanov and others. Modern cartoons present a variety of subjects that are directly or indirectly related to clinical and psychological problems. These content changes have led to unexpected consequences such as sleep disorders (insomnia), errors of memorization, the risks of gaming and computer addiction, hyperactivity, accentuation of various character traits, an attempt to extract secondary benefits from the common cold, and problems in interpersonal relationships. The appearance of such topics may indicate the growing interest of society in psychology, the possibility of understanding clinical psychology beyond viewing it as a strict science, and the potential of using such animation options in the psychotherapy of younger schoolchildren and adolescents.

i Надоели баннеры? Вы всегда можете отключить рекламу.
iНе можете найти то, что вам нужно? Попробуйте сервис подбора литературы.
i Надоели баннеры? Вы всегда можете отключить рекламу.

Текст научной работы на тему «CLINICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL MOTIVES IN RUSSIAN ANIMATION»

primary school age, single-taskers showed the best orientation in new tasks, higher results in programming and control, serial organization of movements, auditory and visual-spatial information processing, right-hemisphere functions and neurodynamics. Younger adolescents demonstrated differences in subscales of the serial organization indices. Older adolescent single-taskers had higher results in processing of visual-spatial information. However, multitaskers were more productive in serial organization index subscales. MMT becomes more widespread among the older adolescents, which is confirmed by the same results in neuropsychological testing of multitaskers and single-taskers and by some cognitive advantages of multitaskers. This may be explained by the maturation of arbitrary regulation, self-control, and serial organization by adolescents. In primary school age children, multitasking was a compensatory strategy with immaturity of arbitrary regulation, serial organization, insufficient auditory and visual memory volume and neurodynamics.

The research was supported by the Russian Foundation for Fundamental Research, project 19-29-14181 "Multitasking in the structure of digital socialization: cognitive and personality factors of effectiveness in the context of education digitalization".

Keywords: multitasking, media multitasking, cognitive functions, children, adolescences, effectiveness of multitasking

DOI:

CHILD HEALTH AND PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF

DIGITALIZATION

CLINICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL MOTIVES IN RUSSIAN ANIMATION

Elena Balashova

Professor, Moscow State Lomonosov University, Psychological institute of Russian academy of education, Mental Health Research Center, Moscow Russia; e-mail: elbalashova@yandex.ru

Abstract: Clinical psychology, which emerged as a field of science and practice at the end of the 19th century, has always attracted great attention. Even before its emergence as an independent science, various individual features of character, personality, and mental functions aroused the interest of philosophers, medics, and writers. Today, mental peculiarities and disorders are the object of both scientific research and artistic creativity, in which they are interpreted within the framework of the so-called aesthetic paradigm. One example of such a non-standard understanding of clinical and psychological phenomena and ideas is animation. Of course, the animation genre is very variable. It encompasses both entertaining and educational tasks and is aimed at different age groups. Psychological ideas and problems are addressed to children of primary school age, teenagers, young and adult fans of the animation genre. All these categories of viewers perceive these ideas in cartoons in different ways, but with continued interest and pleasure.

In Russia, such cartoons appeared in the 1960s. One can mention as examples the cartoons of F. Khitruk, R. Kachanov and others. Modern cartoons present a variety of subjects that are directly or indirectly related to clinical and psychological problems. These content changes have led to unexpected consequences such as sleep disorders (insomnia), errors of memorization, the risks of gaming and computer addiction, hyperactivity, accentuation of various character traits, an attempt to extract secondary benefits from the common cold, and problems in interpersonal relationships. The appearance of such topics may indicate the growing interest of society in psychology, the possibility of understanding clinical psychology beyond viewing it as a strict science, and the potential of using such animation options in the psychotherapy of younger schoolchildren and adolescents.

Keywords: clinical psychology, animation, primary school children, teenagers

i Надоели баннеры? Вы всегда можете отключить рекламу.