Regular Hadamard matrix of order 196 and similar matrices Текст научной статьи по специальности «Математика»

Научная статья на тему 'Regular Hadamard matrix of order 196 and similar matrices' по специальности 'Математика' Читать статью
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  • ГРНТИ: 27 — Математика
  • ВАК РФ: 01.01.00
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  • Указанные автором: УДК:004.438

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Аннотация
научной статьи
по математике, автор научной работы — Балонин Николай Алексеевич, Sergeev M. B.

Purpose: This note discusses two level quasi-orthogonal matrices which were first highlighted by J. J. Sylvester; Hadamard matrices, symmetric conference matrices, and weighing matrices are the best known of these matrices with entries from the unit disk. The goal of this note is to develop a theory of such matrices based on preliminary research results. Methods: Our new regular Hadamard matrix constructed for order 196, suggests a source of ideas to construct regular Hadamard matrices of orders n = 1 + p x q = 1 + p x (1 + 2m), where p, q are twin odd integer (q p = 2); m = (q 1)/2, prime, order of inner blocks. Results: We present a new method aimed to give regular Hadamard matrix of order 196 and similar matrices. Such kinds of regular Hadamard matrix of order 36 were done by Jennifer Seberry (1969), that inspired to find matrices of orders 4k 2, k integer, 36,100,196,..., 1444 and many others. We apply this result to the family of regular matrices obtaining a new infinite family of Cretan matrices with orders 4t + 1, t an integer, 37,101,197,..., 1445, etc. Practical relevance: Web addresses are given for other illustrations and other matrices with similar properties. Algorithms to construct regular matrices have been implemented in developing software of the research program-complex.

Научная статья по специальности "Математика" из научного журнала "Информационно-управляющие системы", Балонин Николай Алексеевич, Sergeev M. B.

 
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по математике , автор научной работы — Балонин Николай Алексеевич, Sergeev M. B.

Текст
научной работы
на тему "Regular Hadamard matrix of order 196 and similar matrices". Научная статья по специальности "Математика"

ТЕОРЕТИЧЕСКАЯ И ПРИКЛАДНАЯ МАТЕМАТИКА /
UDC 004.438
doi:10.15217/issn1684-8853.2015.1.2
REGULAR HADAMARD MATRIX OF ORDER 196 AND SIMILAR MATRICES
N. A. Balonina, Dr. Sc., Tech., Professor, korbendfs@mail.ru
M. B. Sergeeva, Dr. Sc., Tech., Professor, mbse@mail.ru
aSaint-Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation, 67, B. Morskaia St., 190000,
Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation
Purpose: This note discusses two level quasi-orthogonal matrices which were first highlighted by J. J. Sylvester; Hadamard matrices, symmetric conference matrices, and weighing matrices are the best known of these matrices with entries from the unit disk. The goal of this note is to develop a theory of such matrices based on preliminary research results. Methods: Our new regular Hadamard matrix constructed for order 196, suggests a source of ideas to construct regular Hadamard matrices of orders n = 1 + p x q = 1 + p x (1 + 2m), where p, q are twin odd integer (q - p = 2); m = (q - 1)/2, prime, order of inner blocks. Results: We present a new method aimed to give regular Hadamard matrix of order 196 and similar matrices. Such kinds of regular Hadamard matrix of order 36 were done by Jennifer Seberry (1969), that inspired to find matrices of orders 4k2, k integer, 36,100,196,..., 1444 and many others. We apply this result to the family of regular matrices obtaining a new infinite family of Cretan matrices with orders 4t + 1, t an integer, 37,101,197,..., 1445, etc. Practical relevance: Web addresses are given for other illustrations and other matrices with similar properties. Algorithms to construct regular matrices have been implemented in developing software of the research program-complex.
Keywords — Quasi-Orthogonal Matrices, Hadamard Matrices, Regular Hadamard Matrices, Cretan Matrices, Legendre Symbols.
AMS Subject Classification: 05B20; 20B20.
We present a new method aimed to give regular Hadamard matrices, that can be used to construct Cretan matrices [1, 2] with orders 4t + 1, t is an integer. Similar kinds of regular Hadamard matrix of order 36 were done by Jennifer Seberry (1969) [3] that inspired to find matrices of orders 4k2, k integer, 36, 100, 196, and many others. The conditions for the existence request SBIBD is given in [4]. We observe an example of regular Hadamard matrix, order 196.
Let order of regular Hadamard matrix is n = 1 + p x q, p is prime (or prime power), q is prime or not prime. Thus we take composition n = 1 + p x x q = 1 + p x (1 + 2m), wherep, q are twin odd integer (q - p = 2); m = (q - 1)/2 is prime and it is order of blocks of the following two-border structure
H
1 e e J e BT
e B1
-e AT
-e
B
e
B
-^11
-^21
-eT ... — eT A ... A
12
22
here A, B of size p, J, e are the same size matrix and vector of all 1s respectively; matrix border
has m blocks B, ..., B and m blocks A, ..., A; and C C
12'
11'
C21 C22 are m x m matrices of blocks of a core
consisted J, A, B.
For order n = 196 = 1 + 13 x 15 = 1 + 13 x (1 + + 2 x 7) we have p = 13, q = 15 is not prime, m = 7 is prime. Let be Cn = circ(A, -B, -B, A, -B, A, A) be a circulant matrix of order m = 7 of Legendre symbols where "1" (and "0"), "-1" changed to A, -B respectively; a complementary matrix is C22 = circ(-B, A, A, -B, A, -B, -B); C21 = CT2, and C12 = circback(-A, -A, B, -A, B, B, J) is the back-circulant matrix of Legendre symbols, taken in reversed order, where "0" is changed by J.
Then if A = I - Q, B = -I - Q; Q is a circulant matrix of order p = 13 of Legendre symbols (Figure, a), Hadamard matrix of order 196 has sums of all columns and rows equal to 14 (i.e. it is regular
■ Circulant matrix Q of Legendre symbols (a) and regular Hadamard matrix of order 196 (b)
2 У ИНФОРМАЦИОННО-УПРАВЛЯЮЩИЕ СИСТЕМЫ
"T № 1, 2015
^ ТЕОРЕТИЧЕСКАЯ И ПРИКЛАДНАЯ МАТЕМАТИКА "V
matrix) (Figure, b). In such a way, we can get set of regular Hadamard matrices orders 36 = 1 + + 5 x 7 = 1 + 5 x (1 + 2 x 3) and it can be constructed with one border and one circulant core due 7 is prime, 100 = 1 + 9 x 11 = 1 + 9 x (1 + 2 x 5) — this matrix has a special cell-structure due order of Q is 9 = 3 x 3, 196 = 1 + 13 x 15 = 1 + 13 x (1 + 2 x 7) is given matrix, ..., 1444 = 1 + 37 x 39 = 1 + 37 x x (1 + 2 x 19) it is used as a test with positive result, and many others with the same form described above. We apply this result to the family of regular matrices obtaining a new infinite family of Cretan matrices of Fermat-type [1, 2] with orders 4t + 1, t an integer, 37, 101, 197, ..., 1445, etc. which will be studied in later papers. We acknowledge the use of the http://www.mathscinet.ru and http://www. wolframalpha.com sites for the number and symbol calculations in this paper.
References / li of Real Entries < 1. Informatsionno-upravliaiush-chie sistemy, 2014, no. 5(72), pp. 2-4. 3. Jennifer Wallis (Seberry). Two New Block Designs. Journal of Combinatorial Theory, 1969, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 369-368. 4. Xia T., Xia M., Seberry J. Regular Hadamard Matrices, Maximum Excess and SBIBD. AJC, 2003, vol. 27, pp. 263-275.
1. Balonin N. A., Sergeev M. B. Local Maximum Determinant Matrices. Informatsionno-upravliai-ushchie sistemy, 2014, no. 1(68), pp. 2-15 (In Russian). 2. Balonin N. A., Jennifer Seberry. Remarks on Extremal and Maximum Determinant Matrices with Modu-
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